On the Design of Monetary and Macroprudential Policies
The financial crisis, recession, and slow recovery have emphasized the interactions between financial markets and the real economy.
Crisis Chronicles: The South Sea Bubble of 1720—Repackaging Debt and the Current Reach for Yield
In 1720, the South Sea Company offered to pay the British government for the right to buy the national debt from debtholders in exchange for shares backed by dividends to be paid from the company’s debt holdings and South Sea trade profits.
(Unmet) Credit Demand of American Households
Basit Zafar, Max Livingston, and Wilbert van der Klaauw One of the direct effects of the 2008 financial crisis on U.S. households was a sharp tightening of credit. Households that had previously been able to borrow relatively freely through credit cards, home equity loans, or personal loans suddenly found those lines closed off—just when they […]
Japan’s Missing Wall of Money
The Bank of Japan announced an open-ended asset purchase program in January 2013 and an unexpectedly ramped-up version of the program was implemented in early April.