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117 posts on "Household Finance"

May 23, 2019

New China Tariffs Increase Costs to U.S. Households



New China Tariffs Increase Costs to U.S. Households

Tariffs on $200 billion of U.S. imports from China subject to earlier 10 percent levies increased to 25 percent beginning May 10, 2019, after a breakdown in trade negotiations. In this post, we consider the cost of these higher tariffs to the typical U.S. household.

Continue reading "New China Tariffs Increase Costs to U.S. Households" »

Posted by Blog Author at 7:00 AM in Household Finance, International Economics, Tariffs | Permalink | Comments (0)

May 22, 2019

Just Released: Press Briefing on the Evolution and Future of Homeownership



The New York Fed today held a press briefing on homeownership in the United States, in connection with its release of the 2019 Survey of Consumer Expectations Housing Survey. The briefing opened with remarks from New York Fed President John Williams, who provided commentary on the macroeconomic outlook and summarized the prospects for homeownership. He noted that the labor market remains very strong and that there seems to be little evidence of inflationary pressures, meaning that the economy is on a healthy growth path.

Continue reading "Just Released: Press Briefing on the Evolution and Future of Homeownership" »

Posted by Blog Author at 11:01 AM in Foreclosure, Household Finance, Housing, Mortgages | Permalink | Comments (0)

May 15, 2019

Did Changes in Economic Expectations Foreshadow Swings in the 2018 Elections?



Second of two posts
Did Changes in Economic Expectations Foreshadow Swings in the 2018 Elections?

In the months leading up to the 2018 midterm elections, were economic expectations in congressional districts about to elect a Republican similar to those in districts about to elect a Democrat? How did economic expectations evolve in districts where the party holding the House seat would switch? After examining the persistence of polarization in expectations using voting patterns from the presidential election in our previous post, we explore here how divergence in expectations may have foreshadowed the results of the midterm elections. Using the Survey of Consumer Expectations, we show that economic expectations deteriorated between 2016 and 2018 in districts that switched from Republican to Democratic control compared to districts that remained Republican.

Continue reading "Did Changes in Economic Expectations Foreshadow Swings in the 2018 Elections?" »

May 14, 2019

Just Released: Shifts in Credit Market Participation over Two Decades



Just Released: Shifts in Credit Market Participation over Two Decades

The New York Fed’s Center for Microeconomic Data today released the Quarterly Report on Household Debt and Credit for the first quarter of 2019. Total household debt grew by $124 billion over the quarter, boosted by increases in mortgage, auto, and student loan balances. Over the past twenty years, the prevalence of each type of credit has waxed and waned, shifts linked to the housing boom, the Great Recession, and the subsequent economic recovery. In this blog post, we draw on the New York Fed’s Consumer Credit Panel—a nationally representative sample of Equifax credit report data and the basis of our Quarterly Report—to explore those longer-term trends in credit market participation.

Continue reading "Just Released: Shifts in Credit Market Participation over Two Decades" »

Posted by Blog Author at 11:01 AM in Household Finance | Permalink | Comments (0)

April 17, 2019

Did Tax Reform Raise the Cost of Owning a Home?



HOUSING SERIES: Post 5 of 5
LSE_2019_Did Tax Reform Raise the Cost of Owning a Home?

The 2018 slowdown in the housing market has been a subject of intense interest to the press and policymakers, including articles reporting a slowing in house price growth and a decline in home construction. Today we follow up on our colleagues’ research on whether the Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) has contributed to a slowdown in the housing market, looking closely at what price signals tell us about the trade-off between owning and renting.

Continue reading "Did Tax Reform Raise the Cost of Owning a Home?" »

Posted by Blog Author at 7:00 AM in Fiscal Policy, Household, Household Finance, Housing, Mortgages | Permalink | Comments (0)

April 15, 2019

Is the Recent Tax Reform Playing a Role in the Decline of Home Sales?



HOUSING SERIES: Post 4 of 5
LSE_2019_Is the Recent Tax Reform Playing a Role in the Decline of Home Sales?

From the fourth quarter of 2017 through the third quarter of 2018, the average contract interest rate on new thirty-year fixed rate mortgages rose by roughly 70 basis points—from 3.9 percent to 4.6 percent. During this same period, there was a broad-based slowing in housing market activity with sales of new single-family homes declining by 7.6 percent while sales of existing single-family homes fell by 4.6 percent. Interestingly though, these declines in home sales were larger than in the two previous episodes when mortgage interest rates rose by a comparable amount. This post considers whether provisions in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) might have also contributed to the recent decline in housing market activity.

Continue reading "Is the Recent Tax Reform Playing a Role in the Decline of Home Sales?" »

Posted by Blog Author at 7:00 AM in Banks, Credit, Household, Household Finance, Housing, Mortgages | Permalink | Comments (1)

April 12, 2019

The Sustainability of First-Time Homeownership



HOUSING SERIES: Post 3 of 5
LSE_2019_housing2-characteristics-first-time-buyer_lee_460_art

In this post we take up the important question of the sustainability of homeownership for first-time buyers. The evaluation of public policies aimed at promoting the transition of individuals from renting to owning should depend not only on the degree to which such policies increase the number of first-time buyers, but also importantly on whether these new buyers are able to sustain their homeownership. If a buyer is unprepared to manage the financial responsibilities of owning a home and consequently must return to renting, then the household may have made little to no progress in wealth accumulation. Despite the importance of sustainability, to date there have been no efforts at measuring the sustainability of first-time homeownership. We provide an example of a first-time homebuyer sustainability scorecard.

Continue reading "The Sustainability of First-Time Homeownership" »

Posted by Blog Author at 7:00 AM in Household, Household Finance, Housing, Mortgages | Permalink | Comments (2)

April 10, 2019

Who’s on First? Characteristics of First-Time Homebuyers



HOUSING SERIES: Post 2 of 5
LSE_2019_housing2-characteristics-first-time-buyer_lee_460_art

In our previous post, we presented a new measure of first-time homebuyers. In this post, we use this improved measure to describe the characteristics of first-time buyers and how those characteristics change over time. Having an accurate assessment of first-time buyers is important given that the aim of many housing policies is to support the transition from renting to owning. A proper assessment of these housing policies requires an understanding of the impact of these policies on the share of first-time buyers and the characteristics of these buyers. Our third post will directly examine the sustainability of homeownership by first-time buyers.

Continue reading "Who’s on First? Characteristics of First-Time Homebuyers" »

Posted by Blog Author at 7:00 AM in Credit, Forecasting, Household, Household Finance, Housing, Mortgages | Permalink | Comments (2)

April 08, 2019

A Better Measure of First-Time Homebuyers



HOUSING SERIES: Post 1 of 5
LSE_2019_A Better Measure of First-Time Homebuyers

Much of the concern about affordable homeownership has focused on first-time buyers. These buyers, who are often making the transition from renting to owning, can find it difficult to save to meet down-payment requirements; this is particularly true in those areas where rent takes up a significant portion of a household’s monthly income. In contrast to first-time buyers, repeat buyers can typically rely on the equity in their current house to help fund the down payment on a trade-up purchase; they also have an easier time qualifying for a new mortgage if they’ve successfully made payments on a prior mortgage, thereby improving their credit score. Despite the policy focus on first-time buyers, reliable data on these buyers do not exist. In this first of three posts, we introduce a better measure of first-time buyers and examine the dynamics of this group over the past seventeen years. In our next post, we will describe the characteristics of first-time buyers. We will conclude this part of the housing series by examining the sustainability of homeownership for first-time buyers.

Continue reading "A Better Measure of First-Time Homebuyers" »

Posted by Blog Author at 7:00 AM in Household Finance, Housing, Mortgages | Permalink | Comments (1)

February 19, 2019

Just Released: Introducing the SCE Household Spending Survey



Introducing the SCE Household Spending Survey

Today we are releasing new data on individuals’ experiences and expectations regarding household spending. These data have been collected every four months since December 2014 as part of our Survey of Consumer Expectations (SCE). The goal of this blog post is to introduce the SCE Household Spending Survey and highlight some of its features.

Continue reading "Just Released: Introducing the SCE Household Spending Survey" »

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Liberty Street Economics features insight and analysis from New York Fed economists working at the intersection of research and policy. Launched in 2011, the blog takes its name from the Bank’s headquarters at 33 Liberty Street in Manhattan’s Financial District.

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